The Second Amendment doesn’t prevent the government from taking guns away from nonviolent felons, the Seventh Circuit said June 6.

Nonviolent felons are not the type of “law-abiding, responsible citizens” protected by the amendment under District of Columbia v. Heller, the opinion by Judge Frank H. Easterbrook said.

A federal statute prevents any person convicted of felony from possessing firearms. Larry Hatfield, who was convicted of fraudulently receiving Railroad Retirement Board benefits and sentenced to three years probation, argued the statute violates his Second Amendment rights.

But the Supreme Court also said in Heller that nothing in the opinion...