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BGOV Bill Summary: H.R. 7535, Quantum-Proof Cryptography

July 8, 2022, 6:10 PM

The Office of Management and Budget would have to issue guidance requiring federal agencies to maintain an inventory of vulnerable cryptography systems and develop a plan for countering risks from quantum computers under a modified version of H.R. 7535.

Large-scale quantum computers, which seek to use quantum mechanics to solve mathematical problems that are too difficult for conventional computers, could seriously compromise the encryption of sensitive data if built, according to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

The agency is working on establishing standards for “post-quantum cryptography” to support the development of cryptography systems that are secure ...