A drug President
The Health and Human Services Department accepted 30 million doses of the drug, hydroxychloroquine, from
Normally used to treat malaria,
Trump said 1,100 patients in New York City are getting treatment using hydroxychloroquine. As global cases surged past 700,000, the city has emerged as one of the pandemic’s hot spots.
“Let’s see how it works,” Trump said in his daily briefing Sunday. “It may, it may not.”
Some Covid-19 patients treated at French hospitals with hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine, another malaria drug, experienced fatal heart side effects, Le Point reported. Australian health officials have restricted the use of the two drugs for treatment of Covid-19, the illness caused by coronavirus.
“The history of medicine is strewn with examples of drugs that worked on paper or in a test tube but didn’t work in humans or were actually harmful,” he said last week in a briefing. “We must follow the evidence. There are no shortcuts.”
A rush to use medicines against coronavirus could also cause shortages for patients with illnesses that the drugs are normally used to treat. India
The Food and Drug Administration gave emergency use authorization to hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine, according to the statement. The agency can authorize emergency use when there are no available alternatives and the “known and potential” benefits of the product outweigh the risks.
The West African countries of Nigeria and Burkina Faso will begin clinical trials of chloroquine for emergency treatment of the virus. A local drugmaker, May & Baker Plc, has been asked to produce a batch of chloroquine, and more may be manufactured if cases in the country spike, Nigerian drug regulators said Monday.
Burkina Faso has approved trials of both chloroquine and the antibiotic azithromycin, which will start April 6 and take eight weeks. Provisional results will be released within two weeks, authorities said.
Italian regulators have also cleared the antimalarial drugs, along with a group of antivirals used to treat HIV, for testing against Covid-19, the Chinese Xinhua news agency reported on Friday. Italy has reported more than 10,000 deaths from the disease, the most in the world.
How chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine might fight viruses remains unknown. Researchers have theorized that they may block entry to or replication within cells.
Efforts to find
Scientists are also investigating the utility of a tuberculosis
(Updates with theories of how drug works in third paragraph from bottom.)
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