A House Education and the Workforce subcommittee next week is scheduled to get into the debate about raising the federal minimum wage.

This comes a month before Republicans will hand over majority control to Democrats, who are expected to push legislation intended to increase the current hourly minimum of $7.25.

The Republican-controlled subcommittee Dec. 5 will hold a hearing titled “Mandating a $15 Minimum Wage: Consequences for Workers and Small Businesses.” Many Republican lawmakers have rebuffed Democratic efforts to increase...