House lawmakers today passed a bill to increase funding for labor agencies, rejecting cuts proposed by the White House.

The nearly $1 trillion legislation (H.R. 2740) would boost Labor Department discretionary spending by 9 percent next year and expand the National Labor Relations Board’s allotment by more than one-third. It would also increase spending for the Energy Department and the Health and Human Services Department, among other agencies, while trimming the appropriation for the Defense Department.

The Democrat-controlled House will...