Employers could be required to turn over 2018 worker pay data to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission by Sept. 30, the agency told a federal judge on April 3.

The EEOC’s portal to submit the annual workforce data report, known as the EEO-1, opened March 18, but employers were left wondering whether they had to submit pay data, along with already-required demographic information. The 2018 EEO-1 report’s deadline is currently May 31—filing was delayed because of a partial government shutdown that ended Jan. 25. The pay component—which requires data from “one single payroll period” of the employer’s choosing between Oct....