Bloomberg Tax
April 29, 2022, 8:45 AM

NFTs Are Booming, But Few States Are Imposing Taxes (Podcast)

Michael J. Bologna
Michael J. Bologna
Staff Correspondent

Have you noticed digital works of art with names like Cool Cats, CryptoPunks, and Bored Ape Yacht Club while surfing the web or posting a snarky tweet?

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They’re all examples of non-fungible tokens, or NFTs, unique digital assets serving as certificates of authenticity for digital products including works of art, music, and collectibles. NFTs are also a surging new industry, expected to reach global sales of $80 billion by 2025.

Despite this booming market, state revenue agencies haven’t figured out how to tax or even characterize these digital assets. More than 30 states arguably have authority to collect sales tax on NFTs, but none of them have issued guidance on the subject.

Bloomberg Tax took a deep dive into how states might choose to tax NFTs by speaking with two professionals steeped in digital economy tax issues.

Wendy Walker, a solutions principal at the tax software company Sovos, talked about the evolution of blockchain technology and the tax treatment of products and services living on blockchains. Kirk Phillips, a member of the American Institute of CPAs’ virtual currency task force, focused on the challenges associated with imposing state sales taxes on NFTs. Wendy and Kirk spoke with Michael Bologna, a senior reporter at Bloomberg Tax covering state and local taxes.

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To contact the reporter on this story: Michael J. Bologna in Chicago at

To contact the editors responsible for this story: Jeff Harrington at; Kathy Larsen at