Derek Chauvin, the former Minneapolis police officer who knelt on
Chauvin was charged in the death of Floyd, a 46-year-old Black man accused of passing a counterfeit bill at a convenience store. Under Minnesota law he faces up to four decades in prison, although he may get less time under state sentencing guidelines. Jury deliberations began April 19 after three weeks of emotional and sometimes graphic testimony from medical experts, family members and anguished bystanders.
The jury also convicted Chauvin, 45, of third-degree murder and manslaughter. Chauvin will face sentencing in eight weeks.
Chauvin, who is White, was captured on video pinning Floyd to the pavement, even as Floyd repeatedly cried out, “I can’t breathe.” The incident spurred millions of people to protest police violence and racism in cities in the U.S. and around the world. In its prosecution, the state said Chauvin had violated the department’s stated mission to serve with courage and compassion. In response, Chauvin’s lawyers said he’d used reasonable force to detain an actively resisting suspect and that pre-existing health problems and drug use had played a significant role in Floyd’s death.
Trudeau, Johnson Applaud Verdict (2:23 a.m. NY)
U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson welcomed news of Chauvin’s conviction, and London Mayor Sadiq Khan said George Floyd’s death “reverberated around the world.”
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau characterized the verdict in Chauvin’s case as “accountability” and cautioned that systemic racism isn’t confined to the United States.
In Australia, where Floyd’s death renewed questions about the police treatment of Aboriginal people, debates on racial issues continued along similar fault lines similar as in the U.S. Most recently, the Sydney Morning Herald reported that lawmakers are sparring over whether student-made Black Lives Matter posters critical of police were appropriate for an elementary school, with the New South Wales Police Minister calling for the teacher involved to be fired.
Biden Calls for Police-Reform Bill (2:00 a.m. NY)
President Joe Biden hailed the conviction of Derek Chauvin, calling it “a giant step forward in the march toward justice in America.” Standing alongside Vice-President Kamala Harris at the White House on Tuesday evening, Biden urged lawmakers to ensure the legacy of George Floyd wasn’t his murder, but lasting law-enforcement reform.
“No one should be above the law and today’s verdict sends that message, but it’s not enough,” Biden said. “This takes acknowledging and confronting head-on systemic racism and the racial disparities that exist in policing.”
Columbus Police Release Bodycam Footage (12:29 a.m. NY)
The Columbus Division of Police has released the official bodycam video from the scene of the police shooting of a Black teenager, Ma’Khia Bryant. It’s clear, graphic and displays much of the incident. From the Columbus Dispatch:
“The video shows an officer approaching a driveway with a group of young people standing there. In the video, it appears that the 16-year-old, identified now as Ma’Khia Bryant, who was moments later shot by police, pushes or swings at a person who falls to the ground.
Bryant then appears to swing a knife at a girl who is on the hood of a car, and the officer fires his weapon what sounds like four times, striking the girl.”
The investigation into the incident is ongoing.
Teen Shot by Officer in Columbus; Protests Spread (11:10 p.m. NY)
Just 20 minutes before the Chauvin guilty verdict was read out, a teenage girl was shot by a police officer in Ohio, the Columbus Dispatch reported. Police were responding to an attempted stabbing, according to the paper.
Protesters quickly gathered, blocking off some streets near the state capitol building. Officials are reviewing body-worn camera footage of the incident, Mayor
Sports World Honors Floyd After Year of Changes (10:43 p.m. NY)
L.A. Lakers star
It’s not just today though. Accountability has been a key word for sports leagues with largely white ownership whose biggest stars are people of color. Leagues and teams have grappled with how to respond on racial and other social issues many had previously shied away from.
Among the moves: Washington’s football team dropped its “Redskins” moniker, baseball’s Cleveland Indians are rebranding. Atlanta Dream co-owner
BLM Presses ‘Defund Police’ (9:41 p.m. NY)
The founder of the Black Lives Matter chapter in Chicago said Tuesday’s verdict isn’t likely to change policing practices in the country.
Aislinn Pulley said in an interview that the most effective way to bring about changes in policing is continued protest.
”This does not mean that police killings will end,” Pulley said. ”We have to continue our demands to defund police departments and to refund that money into our communities.”
San Francisco Mayor Calls Verdict a Step Forward (9:36 p.m. NY)
San Francisco Mayor
“It’s about fundamentally restructuring how policing is done to move away from the use of excessive force,” she said. “It’s about reinvesting in communities in which years of systematic disinvestment has made it nearly impossible for people to thrive. It’s about changing who we are as a country.”
Minneapolis Police Chief Hopeful After Conviction (9:26 p.m. NY)
Minneapolis Police Chief Medaria Arradondo said he was hopeful for his city following the verdict in George Floyd’s case.
“We recognize that our community is hurting, and hearts are heavy with many emotions,” Arradondo said in a statement. “However, I have hope. The community that I was born and raised in and that we serve is resilient and together, we can find our moment to begin to heal.”
Arradondo called for calm and peace in the days to come, saying “now is the time to use our humanity to lift each other up and not tear our City down.”
Arradondo was one of the star witnesses for the prosecution in Chauvin’s trial, testifying the former police officer didn’t follow departmental policy in pressing his knee on Floyd’s neck for more than nine minutes.
Police Group vs. NAACP Over Qualified Immunity (8:58 p.m. NY)
“Nothing is going to make it all better,” President
“The same way a reasonable police officer would never suffocate an unarmed man to death, a reasonable justice system would recognize its roots in white supremacy and end qualified immunity,” Johnson said in a statement.
Qualified immunity protects government officials, including those in law enforcement, from civil suits unless plaintiffs can show “clearly established” rights were violated, a standard that is generally difficult, if not impossible, to meet.
Bill Johnson, executive director of the National Association of Police Organizations, offered a different perspective.
“The facts of the case surrounding the murder of George Floyd present a horrific tragedy on so many different levels,” Johnson said in a statement. “At the most basic, a man lost his life needlessly at the hands of an officer. At the same time, the assertions by so many who wish to demonize all police officers because of the actions of one officer have been shown to be hollow.”
Johnson said “due process rights do not prevent the investigation, charging, trial, and conviction of a police officer,” and “neither does qualified immunity,” or “police unions, associations, or legal defense plans.” They “all have their proper role to play,” he said.
Defense Failed to Turn Drugs Against Floyd, Critic Says (7:39 p.m. NY)
Drug policy reform advocates condemned the defense’s strategy of pointing to drugs in Floyd’s system as an alternative explanation for his death.
“We never needed a trial or a jury to tell us how George Floyd died,” Kassandra Frederique, executive director of the Drug Policy Alliance, said in a statement. “We witnessed those painful nine minutes and 29 seconds with our own eyes. And the truth is, we have been witnessing Black, Latinx and Indigenous lives being ruthlessly cut short at the hands of police, using drug involvement -- whether perceived or real -- as pretext, as long as we can remember.” She called it “a classic example of how the drug war has been used as an excuse for state violence.”
The verdict “gives us hope that the days of this excuse still working are numbered,” Frederique said.
During the trial, Chauvin’s lawyer told the jury he wasn’t judging Floyd, but urging them to consider evidence he said showed the state hadn’t met its burden of proof that it was Chauvin’s actions that killed him.
‘Inflection Point’ in Prosecution of Police (7:04 p.m. NY)
The verdict marks “an inflection point in the way that police are potentially charged and prosecuted in the United States,” said Arthur Ago, director of the Criminal Justice Project at the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law. “There were a series of police officers, including the police chief, that testified against Derek Chauvin,” Ago said. “That is exceedingly unusual.”
“We will see if that type of police participation in the prosecution of other police officers continues,” he said. “Without that participation of other police officers, we’re going to slide back to where we were before this trial.”
The video of Floyd’s death was “overwhelming evidence just by itself,” said Michael Avery, past president of the National Police Accountability Project and a law professor at Suffolk University.
“Film and video of events involving police officers has made an enormous difference in the litigation of these cases, particularly on the civil side,” Avery said. On the criminal side, Chauvin’s trial will help mold how prosecutors “duplicate this kind of result” in future cases against law enforcement, Avery said in an interview.
Legal Experts Laud Prosecutors, Crack in ‘Blue Wall’ (6:28 p.m. NY)
Legal experts lauded the state’s prosecution team and singled out the testimony of several Minneapolis Police Department officials -- including Chief Medaria Arradondo, who gave remarkable testimony against Chauvin at the trial -- and other use-of-force experts.
“The prosecution’s case was powerfully presented and represented a real erosion of what used to be called ‘the blue wall,’” John J. Farmer Jr., a law professor at Rutgers University and the director of the Miller Center for Community Protection and Resilience, said in an interview. Farmer pointed to a potential “sea change” the verdict could represent.
“We have government by consent and policing by consent,” said Farmer, who was attorney general of New Jersey from 1999 to 2002. “And when it reaches the point where the public doesn’t accept the tactics used by the police, you need major reforms.”
Cornell law professor Valerie Hans agreed.
“The police broke a pattern,” she said. “Other police officers stepping up and describing Chauvin and the way in which he was unlawful, in their view, in his use of force. I think that was absolutely key.”
Hans, who focuses her scholarship on the work of juries, said the verdict this jury delivered “was consistent with the evidence.” She highlighted the racial mix of the jury, which included six people of color. Diverse juries “are strong fact finders, have very robust deliberations, people test each other’s interpretations of the evidence because they come from different places in the community,” Hans said, adding that in cases involving race as a major issue, “they’re more legitimate.”
Verdict Isn’t Yet Justice But a ‘First Step,’ Minnesota AG Says (5:58 p.m. NY)
“I would not call today’s verdict justice,” Minnesota Attorney General
Biden Scraps Jobs-Plan Speech, Unclear If He’ll Speak on Verdict (5:33 p.m. NY)
It’s not yet clear whether President
Jury in Courthouse, Crowds Outside Chant for End to Hate (4:57 p.m. NY)
Crowds are building outside the courthouse where the verdict will be read. They are chanting “Stop hate now!” The jury, which has been sequestered in a hotel since Monday, is now in the building, according to Court TV.
George Floyd Chants Begin Outside the Cup Foods Store (4:49 p.m. NY)
George Floyd chants have started outside of the Cup Foods near where he was killed. The crowd is pretty small so far.
Minnesota Governor Reportedly to Make Statement in About Two Hours (4:29 p.m. NY)
Courthouse Area Boarded Up as Minnesota Braces for Verdict (4:03 p.m. NY)
Around downtown’s Hennepin County Courthouse, where Chauvin was on trial, the government center looks like a makeshift military base. Fencing and barriers, National Guard troops and police surround the building and large military vehicles are parked outside. Businesses are boarded up.
The measures are part of the city and state’s preparations for the trial, and they were ramped up this week in the wake of the police killing of Daunte Wright in neighboring Brooklyn Center. Minnesota Governor
That militarized presence has expanded beyond the immediate area around the courthouse to the area closer to the Cup Foods store where Floyd was killed.
Minnesota AG to Hold Presser 20 Minutes After Verdict Is Read (3:49 p.m. NY)
Minnesota Attorney General
Biden Praying for ‘the Right Verdict’ (3:46 p.m. NY)
Verdict to Be Read in Open Court (3:43 p.m. NY)
The note from the court was brief: A verdict has been reached and will be read in open court between 3:30 and 4:00 p.m. Minnesota is on central time, so the verdict will be issued at 4:30 p.m. in New York. The total amount of time the jury spent deliberating was less than 11 hours.
--With assistance from
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Melissa Cheok, Andre Janse van Vuuren
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