The Federal Communications Commission adopted a proposal to strengthen its rules against caller ID spoofing.

The changes, adopted unanimously at the agency’s Feb. 14 meeting, would expand FCC enforcement efforts against robocall spoofing to both phone calls and texts, and to communications made to U.S. residents from outside the country.

“These updates would allow the FCC to bring enforcement actions against spoofers who try to scam consumers” from foreign countries,” FCC Chairman Ajit Pai said before the vote.

In caller...