Bloomberg Law
Nov. 9, 2017, 4:09 PMUpdated: Nov. 9, 2017, 9:25 PM

Workplace Injury, Illness Rates Decline for Fifth Straight Year

Bruce Rolfsen
Bruce Rolfsen

The likelihood of private industry workers being injured on the job declined for the fifth consecutive year, the Bureau of Labor Statistics estimated in a Nov. 9 report.

For employees in private industry, the injury and illness rate declined to 2.9 cases for every 100 full-time worker equivalents in 2016, down from 3.0 in 2015, the bureau said. The private industry rate has continually improved since 2003, when the rate was 5.0, with the exception of 2012 when numbers didn’t change from the prior year.

The rate for state and local government workers also declined, according to BLS. For 2016, the rate was 4.7, down from 5.1 in 2015.

The combined 2016 rate for all private and government workers was 3.2, lower than 3.3 in 2015. The estimated total number of work-related injuries and illness was 3.53 million, down from 3.66 million cases in 2015.

But the latest numbers are still too high, according to David Michaels, who was administrator of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration under President Barack Obama from December 2010 through January 2017.

“Whether it is 3 million, 4 million, or 5 million, it is unacceptable,” Michaels told Bloomberg Environment.

He cited studies, paid for by the BLS, finding that the injury and illness data that employers submitted undercounted the actual number of cases compared to workers’ compensation claims and emergency room visit reports.

Further Study

A panel organized by the National Academies of Sciences, which includes Scott Mugno, President Donald Trump’s nominee to head OSHA, is expected to release a report in 2018 on how to improve work-related injury and illness data collection.

The rate for injuries serious enough to cause a worker to miss at least one day from a job didn’t decline, Peg Seminario, safety and health director of the AFL-CIO and a member of the academies panel, said after an initial review of BLS’s 2016 numbers.

The rate for private industry workers stalled at 1.6 cases for every 100 full-time equivalent workers.

Its leadership needed to review the data before making any comment, OSHA told Bloomberg Environment.


The improvement largely came from a lower rate for minor injuries—1.3 in 2016, down from 1.4 in 2015—and from injuries in which an employee missed at most one day from work.

Among specific private industries, construction, manufacturing, wholesale trade, and retail trade had statistically significant declines in their rates, the BLS said.

Construction’s rate improved to 3.2 cases, down from 3.5 in 2015. Among specific types of contractors, those with above-average rates, were framing (7.0), structural steel (6.3), roofing (5.6), and water and sewer (4.1).

Manufacturers had a rate of 3.6 cases, down from 3.8 in 2015. The rate for retailers was 3.3 compared to 3.5 in 2015, while wholesalers reported a rate 2.8, lower than 3.1 for 2015.

The BLS numbers are based on confidential reports that about 240,000 employers submitted to the bureau. The collected information is similar to the data that OSHA requires many employers to keep on injuries and illnesses requiring medical treatment beyond first aid.

(Updated with comments from former OSHA Administrator David Michaels and AFL-CIO health and safety director, Peg Seminario.)

To contact the reporter on this story: Bruce Rolfsen in Washington at

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Rachael Daigle at