Federal regulators will engage coal miners and mine operators in a series of national “walk and talk” meetings, responding to eight deaths and more than 1,100 accidents that have occurred in mines since last October, the Mine Safety and Health Administration announced.

MSHA chief Joe Main said Aug. 29 the meetings, slated to begin immediately and run through Sept. 30, are meant to “increase miners’ awareness of recent accidents, encourage the application of safety training and raise hazard recognition.”

Industry lawyers, however, were quick to warn that the project will lead to more enforcement actions against employers.

“There’s no...