A new international panel will develop a framework for potentially creating genetically engineered humans without violating scientific and ethical principles.

The May 22 announcement from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine marks the latest global effort after Chinese scientist He Jiankui rocked the scientific community last November at a Hong Kong summit when he claimed to have edited the genes of two embryos. Embryos were implanted and resulted in the birth of twin girls. He faces a criminal investigation in China for his work, which was largely condemned by scientists and bioethicists.

“These revelations at the summit in...