The court ruled in June that the artists could only get California-based resale royalties for works resold in 1977, as the federal Copyright Act entered into force in 1978 and thereafter preempted state law.
Although preempted on the merits of the claim, the California Resale Royalty Act’s fee-shifting clause—granting a prevailing party attorneys’ fees—isn’t, the court said.
Preemption requires courts to apply federal law when it conflicts with state law, but “the state law continues to exist until the legislature that enacted it repeals it,” the court said.
The Copyright Act only preempts state laws when it comes to the legal and equitable “right of reproduction, preparation or derivative works, distribution, display, and performance,” the court said. Therefore, the CRRA’s fee-shifting clause is still good law and applies here, the court said.
The case is Close v. Sotheby’s, Inc., 9th Cir., No. 16-56234, 12/3/18.