A failed patent application on a Dutch holding company’s casino dice game covered an abstract idea and can’t be revived, a federal appeals court ruled.

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit Dec. 28 upheld the Patent Trial and Appeals Board’s rejection of Marco Guldenaar Holding B.V.'s application. The Netherlands-based company appealed last year after the administrative board upheld an examiner’s finding that the patent claims covered abstract rules on playing a dice game.

The ruling shows which inventions may fail the patent eligibility test laid out by the U.S. Supreme Court in Mayo Collaborative Servs. v. Prometheus...