The federal government is trying to overturn decisions blocking Kentucky and Arkansas from requiring some Medicaid recipients to work.

The Health and Human Services Department April 10 filed notices of appeal from Judge James Boasberg’s simultaneous decisions in the cases.

“The secretary’s failure to consider the effects of the project on coverage alone renders his decision arbitrary and capricious,” Boasberg, of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, said March 27 in reference to HHS Secretary Alex M. Azar’s approval of the Arkansas program.

The Medicaid Act doesn’t authorize the secretary or the states to “refashion the program...