Heavy industry vehicles that can operate at least partially without human input are rumbling onto the construction industry landscape.

The rise of self-autonomous vehicles in the construction industry coincides with a changing workforce: younger workers who have grown up playing high-tech video games and interfacing with a screen are drawn to an industry that typically attracted workers who weren’t afraid to get their hands dirty.

Several heavy equipment companies--such as Volvo, Komatsu and Caterpillar--have been pumping resources into fitting such traditional construction machines as bulldozers, excavators and dump trucks with the latest advances in GPS technology, machine learning, remote control...