Employees in California seeking unpaid wages may soon have the right to go to court or a state agency to pursue penalties against their employer under legislation headed to Gov. Gavin Newsom’s desk.

Another bill approved by state Legislature Sept. 10 would require individuals seeking a license to open a cannabis shop to pledge not to interfere with unionization efforts shortly after they acquire 20 or more employees.

The two bills are part of hundreds of legislative items, including dozens of labor bills, state lawmakers addressed as they wrapped the end of the first year in California’s two-year session. The...