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Big Rail Unions Split on Labor Deal, Raising Odds of Strike (2)

Nov. 21, 2022, 2:01 PMUpdated: Nov. 21, 2022, 6:01 PM

Members of the nation’s two largest railway unions held conflicting votes on a key labor pact, muddying efforts by the Biden administration to avoid a strike when the labor peace agreement ends next month.

The SMART Transportation Division, the largest railway union under the tentative agreement with more than 37,000 members, narrowly rejected the deal while members of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and Trainmen voted to approve it. Four unions have now voted down the tentative deal while seven have approved it—though a strike could follow if even one of them walks off the job.

BLET approved the contract with 53.5% of the member vote. But the results revealed deep divisions at SMART-TD, with less than 51% of train and engine service workers voting to reject the agreement and 62% of yardmasters voting to ratify it.

While the results don’t necessarily mean there will be a strike, it does put pressure on union leaders to reach a better deal before a cooling-off period expires Dec. 9. It could also motivate Congress to step in to impose a labor agreement against unions’ will—a move that would be politically unpopular for Democrats, but perhaps less so than a supply chain disruption before Christmas.

It wasn’t immediately clear whether the Biden administration would to step in as it did in September, when Labor Secretary Marty Walsh brokered a deal through an all-night negotiating session at the US Department of Labor headquarters.

“As the President has said from the beginning, a shutdown is unacceptable because of the harm it would inflict on jobs, families, farms, businesses and communities across the country,” a White House official said Monday. “A majority of unions have voted to ratify the tentative agreement, and the best option is still for the parties to resolve this themselves.”

SMART-TD President Jeremy Ferguson said in a statement Monday he believes the dispute can be settled without a strike, even as he lay blame squarely on railroad companies for the escalating standoff.

“The ball is now in the railroads’ court. Let’s see what they do,” Ferguson said in a statement. “They can settle this at the bargaining table.”

Freight rail companies urged lawmakers to intervene if a deal can’t be reached.

“Let’s be clear, if the remaining unions do not accept an agreement, Congress should be prepared to act and avoid a disastrous $2 billion a day hit to our economy,” Ian Jeffries, president and CEO of the Association of American Railroads, said in a statement.

—With assistance from Ryan Beene and Jordan Fabian (Bloomberg News)

(Updated to include comment from White House official in sixth paragraph.)

To contact the reporter on this story: Ian Kullgren in Washington at

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Genevieve Douglas at; Rebekah Mintzer at