A federal appeals court for the first time has ruled that Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act prohibits sexual orientation discrimination. The “groundbreaking” decision creates a circuit split that could pave the way for U.S. Supreme Court review (Hively v. Ivy Tech Comty, Coll. of Ind., 2017 BL 110393, 7th Cir., No. 15-1720, en banc decision 4/4/17).

The full U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit April 4 ruled Title VII’s ban on sex discrimination precludes employers from discriminating against lesbian and gay workers based on their sexual orientation. With the 8-3 ruling,...