Preethi Konduri for all intents and purposes is a “dreamer": A junior in high school, she came to the U.S. from India when she was 5 and has lived in North Carolina for the past 10 years. She could get kicked out of the country when she turns 21.

But Konduri isn’t the type of immigrant contemplated by the Dream Act (H.R. 3440/S. 1615), legislation aimed at legalizing young, undocumented immigrants. She came on an H-4 visa as the dependent of her father Nandu, a software engineer who came to the U.S. on an H-1B specialty occupation visa.

“Most...