Both sides claimed victory from the U.S. Supreme Court’s holding in a closely watched statutory violation suit May 16, that plaintiffs must show concrete—but not necessarily tangible—injury to access the federal courts (Spokeo Inc. v. Robins, U.S., 13-1339, 5/16/16).

Congress can elevate intangible harms to the status of legally cognizable concrete injuries, Justice Samuel A. Alito Jr. wrote for the 6-2 court in the proposed class suit alleging violations of a law covering credit report information.

But that doesn’t mean a “bare procedural violation, divorced from any concrete harm” would satisfy the injury-in-fact requirement of Article III, he...