A consumer class settlement that pays $8.85 million to class counsel and $3 million to research groups but only $225,000 to class members needs scrutiny, an objector to the settlement told the U.S. Supreme Court in a recent petition for review.

Brian Perryman’s petition challenges the practice of giving left over settlement funds to charities as “cy pres” awards instead of distributing the money to class members.

The issue is before the court in Frank v. Gaos—concerning the distribution of an $8.5 million Google privacy settlement—but the court has signaled that it may rule on standing issues instead.

This...