The U.S. Supreme Court said today it will consider whether it is appropriate for none of a $8.5 million class settlement resolving privacy allegations against Alphabet Inc. subsidiary Google to go to class members.

Consumer privacy education and research programs would get $5.3 million of the settlement fund to charity as cy pres, meaning the funds are distributed in a way that indirectly benefits class members because it isn’t feasible to compensate them directly.

The deal resolves customer allegations that Google violated their privacy rights by disclosing search terms—including payment card numbers, medical information, and names—to third parties. The remainder...